Berkeley Township was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 31, 1875, from portions of Toms River Township. Sections of the township were taken to form Seaside Park, Seaside Heights, Beachwood, Ocean Gate, Pine Beach, South Toms River and Island Beach.
The Berkeley Township School District serves public school students in grades K through 6. Schools in the district are Bayville School, Clara B. Worth School, and H & M Potter School, all of which serve K-4, and Berkeley Township Elementary School for grades 5&6.
Public school students in grades 7 through 12 attend the schools of the Central Regional School District, which serves students from the municipalities of Berkeley Township, Island Heights, Ocean Gate, Seaside Heights and Seaside Park. The schools in the district are Central Regional Middle School for grades 7 and 8, and Central Regional High School for grades 9 - 12.